Hadith on different kinds of Charity
عن أبي ذر رضي الله عنه ، أن ناسًا من أصحاب رسول الله صلي الله عليه وسلم قالوا للنبي صلي الله عليه وسلم : يا رسول الله ذهب أهل الدثور بالاجور ؛ يصلون كما نصلي ، ويصومون كما نصوم ، ويـتـصـد قــون بفـضـول أمـوالهم . قـال : ( أولـيـس قـد جعـل الله لكم ما تصدقون ؟ إن لكم بكل تسبيحة صدقة ، وكل تكبيرة صدقة ، وكل تحميدة صدقة ، وكل تهليلة صدقة ، وأمر بالمعروف صدقة ، ونهي عن المنكر صدقة ، وفي بعض أحـد كم صـدقـة ).
قالوا : يا رسول الله ، أيأتي أحدنا شهوته ويكون له فيها أجر؟
قال : ( أرأيتم لو وضعها في حرام ، أكان عليه وزر ؟ فكذلك إذا وضعها في الحلال ، كان له أجر ).
رواه مسلم [ رقم : 1006
On the authority of Abu Dharr (radi allahu anhu) that some people from amongst the Companions of the Messenger of Allah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said to the Prophet (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam):
O Messenger of Allah, the affluent have made off with the rewards; they pray as we pray, they fast as we fast, and they give [much] in charity by virtue of their wealth.
He (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said:
Has not Allah made things for you to give in charity ? Truly every tasbeehah/tasbih [saying: subhaan Allah] is a charity, and every takbeerah/takbir [saying: Allaahu akbar] is a charity, and every tahmeedah/tahmid [saying: al-hamdu lillaah] is a charity, and every tahleelah/tahlil [saying: laa ilaaha illaa Allaah] is a charity. And commanding the good is a charity, and forbidding an evil is a charity, and in the bud’i [sexual act] of each one of you there is a charity.
They said : O Messenger of Allah, when one of us fulfils his carnal desire will he have some reward for that ?!
He (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said : Do you not see that if he were to act upon it [his desire] in an unlawful manner then he would be deserving of punishment ? Likewise, if he were to act upon it in a lawful manner then he will be deserving of a reward.
It was related by Muslim (صحيح مسلم).
In Islam, Allah is remembered or Zikr is performed in saying things like:
Muslims recite different phrases used to “remember” God such as:
- Subhan’Allah – سبحان الله “Glory be to Allah”. This is also called the tasbeeh.
- Allahu Akbar – الله أَكْبَر “Allah is Greater”. This is also called the takbir.
- Alhamdulillah – الحمد لله “All praise is due to Allah”. This is also called the tahmid.
- La ilaha ilallah – لا إله إلا الله “There is no god but Allah”. This is also called the tahlil.
“In this hadith, the poor complain to the Prophet, that the rich took all the rewards, because they have wealth which they can give away, which the poor do not possess such wealth. The Prophet taught them that sadaqah (charity) puts out sins as water puts out fire; that we should avoid hellfire even with half a date. This is devoutness to Allah. The Prophet taught them that sadaqah is a great thing. Hence they looked towards the rich and asked the Prophet about this matter. The Prophet explained that rich and poor people are equal, and that the poor can worship Allah same as the rich. Maybe even more than the rich. Therefore, he guided them to dhikr (the remembrance of Allah [ذکر, pl.اذكار ] also spelled Zikr) and to direct their intentions in all their deeds. As for dhikr, Allah (SWT) praised and decreed it in His book, and classified its parts for the believers.”
“When the rich heard this hadith, they persisted in tasbih, takbir, tahmid and tahlil. The poor went back to the Prophet complaining. They said, “O Messenger, the rich heard what you have said, so they started tasbih, takbir, and tahmid. This way, the poor could not compete with them, because they were distinguised by the wealth Allah granted them. The Prophet ended this kind of competition quoting from the Qur’an, “That is the Grace of Allah (that) He brings to whomever He decides.” If Allah (SWT) helped the rich to be pious, and added of His grace the blessing of worship, then this is the grace of Allah that He brings to whomever He pleases.”